Whole life insurance is a form of insurance that will pay out in the event of your death (and sometimes against diagnosis with a life-threatening disease) and that remains in force throughout your entire life (as long as you continue to pay the premiums).
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What is life assurance?
Life assurance is used to describe whole-of-life insurance. Because mortality is certain, the policy will certainly have to pay out at some point. That makes it an ‘assurance’, as opposed to ‘insurance’ which may or may not be required to pay out (technically, which has a less than 100% probability of claim).
How does whole of life insurance work?
When you take out a whole life policy you pay monthly premiums for a stated amount of cover, for instance a sum insured of £250,000. You also nominate a beneficiary, which may be a trust, or a member of your family.
The insurer invests the premiums paid by its “lives assured” in long term income generating investments, in line with its actuarial calculations. It makes assumptions about mortality (how long its customers will live) and about the return it will get on its investments, so that there will always be enough money in the kitty to pay out.
When you die, the insurer will pay out the agreed sum to your beneficiary.
If you prefer to be covered for a limited time, check out our guide about term life insurance.
What types of whole of life insurance are there?
There are three main types of whole of life insurance (life assurance). All of them exist to provide a payout for your family when you die. However, they can operate quite differently, depending on how they are structured.
- Non-profit whole of life policy. You pay a fixed premium throughout your life, and the insurer pays out a fixed cash lump sum to your beneficiaries when you die.
- With-profits whole of life cover. You pay a fixed premium, and the insurer invests this on your behalf. The payout is based on how the investments perform – it’s not fixed.
- Unit-linked whole life insurance policy. You decide the size of payout you want and the insurer invests your premiums in order to achieve it. Because investment performance can vary, the insurer may need to increase your premiums in order to achieve the desired performance.
Why should I get a whole of life insurance?
A whole of life insurance can protect your family by paying out a lump sum when you die. If you’re wealthy or own a valuable property you might want to protect them against a big inheritance tax bill, or you may want to leave children and grandchildren a nest egg.
A life assurance policy can be used as a form of savings for your family. Many parents with severely disabled children, for instance, use whole of life insurance to ensure their children will be properly looked after when their parents are no longer around.
On the other hand sometimes, you may only need life insurance for a certain length of time – for instance till your mortgage is paid, or till your children have grown up.
|Average university education (tuition + maintenance)||£40,950|
|Average private school fees, per year (day school)||£14,102|
|Repaying the average mortgage||£135,000|
|Full time childcare, per year||£10,600|
|Full time live-in care for disabled adult, per year||£55,600|
However, if you’d like to put money into a whole of life insurance policy, it’s best to do it sooner rather than later. The premiums are much cheaper if you’re still in your 20s or 30s when you start paying in.
How much is whole of life insurance?
The cost of a whole-of-life policy will vary depending on your age and health when you take out the policy, together with the amount of payout that you want to insure. For instance if you’re fit, healthy, and 30 (and a non smoker), you’ll pay half what a 45 year old would for the same level of cover.
Obviously, at 30 the insurer’s hoping you’re fit and healthy and have a lot of living left to do. At 45, you’re probably still good to go – but middle life is when health problems often do show up. And for the same sum insured, you now have 15 years fewer in which to make your contributions. Higher risk plus a shorter time to contribute equals higher premiums.
The table below shows how age affects monthly premiums. We ran the same request for the same individual – we only changed the birthday. It makes a huge difference!
|Age at start of policy||Monthly premium|
What are the best whole of life insurance?
You’ll need to get your own whole life insurance quotes to find out exactly how much it will cost for you, as you may want a larger sum covered, and your health and age will have a big influence on the price of your premiums. Life assurance quotes can vary widely between insurers so it’s important to make a proper comparison.
Below, we’ve shown some of the best quotes from reputable, trusted insurers for one particular individual – a non-smoking 35 year old who needs £175,000 of cover over a 20 year term.
What are the pros and cons of whole of life insurance?
One big plus of whole of life insurance is that you’re covered for life. But there are also disadvantages – cost being a big one.
- The policy will cover you for all time, not just up until a certain date.
- Some policies also allow you to link the payout with investment, so the payout could grow in value over the years.
- Some policies will let you stop paying once you reach a certain age.
- Whole of life premiums are much more expensive than term life insurance. If you only need life insurance to cover your mortgage, or simply want to ensure your family is covered if you die while your children are young, then term life insurance is much cheaper than whole of life.
- If you have to give up paying your premiums, there can be high penalties. With investment-linked policies you’ll get back the value of the fund, but that could be a lot less than you’ve paid in premiums.
- Some life assurance policies have high charges which can reduce the payout to your beneficiaries.
Can I get a joint whole of life insurance?
Yes, you can get a joint whole of life insurance to cover you and your partner. It will cover both of you, but it only pays out once – usually, on the first death, so that the other partner is provided for. Second death assurance can also be arranged; this is useful in managing inheritance tax issues for your children (though you’ll need to ensure the policy is written into trust).